On the way to the Red Village, a family-friendly restaurant.
The Oguz Old Jewish Cemetery has not lasted to the present time day. The early twentieth-century shifts, the coup, and the repression of the clerics and religious servants, followed by the war, had to have repercussions on the cemetery's destruction. In addition, the Oguz Jewish cemetery is situated on a deciduous forest mountainside. The old graves were washed away by rains and floods, and tree roots ended up moving the tombstones, hiding them beneath the ruins. As result, the old graves are barely visible. Rahimov Karim, through his father's will, facilitated the dissection and construction of a new cemetery in 1930. The territory of the cemeteries now has trails and gazebos for visitors to rest. The memorial to the Great Patriotic War participants
Although Jews began to leave Muju in the 1860s, no one remained in the village after the unrest of 1918, when they were threatened by Armenians and fled to different parts of the country. During that time, the village's Jewish cemetery was also destroyed. Only a few graves from as recently as the 1910s have survived. It has now been restored, and the land has been cleared and fenced in. On a separate small stone podium, small headstones are displayed. When people didn't have enough funds, they erected small tombstones and replaced them with larger ones when they could.
Of the seven bridges that existed in the Guba region between the 17th and 19th centuries, this is the only one that still remains. This longest bridge was built in 1894 by Alexander III to strengthen Russia's military presence in the Caucasus, replacing a wooden bridge built over the Gudialchay river in 1851. Originally, a 19-span bridge was planned. However, due to landslides during construction, lower numbers were chosen. The bridge has 14 spans, a total length of 275 meters, and an 8-meter width. Because of its multi-span design, the bridge can withstand powerful massive flooding and mudflows that raise the river's water level. This is Azerbaijan's only bridge of this type from the nineteenth century. The bridge is now only used by pedestrians and offers a spectacular view of Red Village. It provides easy access to Red Village from Nizami Park, the city's oldest park. The bridge has been designated as an architectural landmark by the state. Many young Mountain Jews have relocated to cities to further their education and learn trades. The burnt bricks used to build the old bridge saw many changes in Red Village, from the heyday of religious life in the early twentieth century, when the village had 13 synagogues, to the arrival of Soviet power and subsequent religious repression, to soldiers being escorted to the front in World War II, many of whom never returned. It has come to represent the settlement and the close ties between two cultures: the Muslims of Guba and the Jews of Red Village.
Monuments to soldiers who died fighting for peace and freedom have been designed and built throughout Azerbaijan. Red Village is home to one of them. On June 22, 1941, Azerbaijan, as part of the Soviet Union, joined the Great Patriotic War to defeat fascism. The Nazi command was particularly interested in Baku's oil during the war and attempted to seize control of it during the battles for the Caucasus.
Albert Agarunov, who was born in Baku's Amirjan settlement, joined the Azerbaijani army as a volunteer during the First Karabakh War in 1991. He was able to eliminate 9 tanks and 7 armored personnel carriers in only a few months as a tank commander in the 777th Special Battalion. However, on May 8, 1992, while climbing out of his tank to separate the bodies of fallen comrades, he was shot by a sniper. On the battlefield, he was killed. Albert Agarunov was posthumously honored as a "National Hero of Azerbaijan" in 1992 for his bravery and heroism in defending Azerbaijan's territorial integrity and civilian population. Both the mullah and the rabbi prayed at Albert Agarunov's memorial service. He was laid to rest in The Alley of Martyrs, located in Baku. Albert had numerous opportunities to leave Azerbaijan, but he chose to stay and fight for his country. His valiant life continues to be a symbol of Azerbaijan's centuries-long Jewish-Muslim unity and brotherhood. During the Second Karabakh War in 2020, when Azerbaijan liberated its lands after 30 years of occupation, Albert remained a hero and source of inspiration for all of Azerbaijan.
Gisori is one of the main neighborhoods of the Red Settlement. Gisori is one of several neighborhoods that make up Red Village. Former residents of this neighborhood are laid to rest in Gisori Cemetery, one of Red Village's oldest cemeteries, located on the hill's steep slope. The earliest gravestones in this cemetery were erected between 1807 and 1814. They are approximately 80cm tall and made of fieldstone, with inscriptions chiseled into the stone slab. Other early 19th-century tombstones are plain rectangular stela. Simple ornaments in the form of an open rosette first appeared on stones in the mid-nineteenth century, and those from the second half of the 19th century are adorned with leaves and David's stars. The inscriptions are framed by a pointed arch. A pointed arch frames the inscriptions.
This park, named after Azerbaijan's national leader, Heydar Aliyev, was built in 2011 for the local community and visitors. The area of the cafe includes gardens with blooming roses, benches for visitors to rest, an administrative office, and a teahouse for the village elders. In the park, there is a well-known club and teahouse where local agsakkals (literally "white beards," or village elders) gather to drink tea and play backgammon, free of charge. The club teahouse is built on the site of a synagogue that was built in 1911 and subsequently transformed into a manufacturing site during the Soviet era before being demolished.
From the main street, one of Red Village's most spectacular and unique structures may be spotted. Despite its remarkable coloring, the building organically blends into the architectural and historical character of the settlement. The structure was built in the second half of the nineteenth century and was designated as a historical monument of local significance. The murals on the front portraying children, as well as the simple plaque over the door, reveal that this historical building was formerly a maternity hospital. According to stories of locals, the building formerly belonged to a wealthy Jewish businessman who, despite never having children of his own, covered it with murals of happy children's faces.
Telman Benyaminov initiated the construction of both Mikvehs in 2013. The mikve for women was erected in honor and memory of his mother, Shushan Bat Mardahay. The mikvah construction incorporates an ablutions pool, as required in Judaism. Mikvah is now practiced not just for family purity, but also for the initiation of male and female proselytes into Judaism. A woman must bath in the mikvah at the end of her monthly menstrual cycle in order to maintain marital purity. As a result, the mikvah, more than the synagogue, is considered as the grounds of Jewish family life. Only "living" water - that is, water of natural origin - can deliver spiritual purification. As a result, a mikvah is built to seem like natural water.
Trade was the primary occupation of Red Village residents at the turn of the twentieth century. Some were highly successful, with shops not just in Red Village, but also in Guba and Khachmaz. Among them was the Agababayev family, who traded carpets. The Agababyevs were among the first family to settle themselves in Red Village's Gileki district. Several generations later, the brothers Ikhiil, Asaf, and Nuvakh became carpet experts, Guba being one of Azerbaijan's key carpet hubs. Asaf worked his way up through the carpet trade, traveling Turkey and Iran. The Agababayevs' residences had running water and electricity, which was exceptional at the time. They also owned a large garden on the outskirts of town. Unfortunately, the building is currently sealed, but the magnificent architectural elements of the front facade may be observed from the little yard in front of the house.
The Red Settlement Tourism Information Center provides comprehensive information on the settlement, including history and facts, the Jewish people of Azerbaijan, places to visit, and so much more. Souvenirs, Mountain Jews cuisine books, kippahs, postcards, tiny carpets, and kosher jam varieties are available here. Visitors may also get cool and hot drinks, as well as snacks, from the center's little barista station.
Enjoy the greatest delicacies of Azerbaijani, Turkish and European cuisines, in one of the newest restaurants in Baku, while taking in the stunning views of Baku city from the Highland Park. It's worth mentioning that "mənzərə" means landscape or scenery, which you'll undoubtedly love from the top of Highland Park.
Near the old arched bridge is the Red Village Mountain Jewish restaurant. With breathtaking views of the Gudialchay river and unique Mountain Jewish specialties, the restaurant provides a delightful local dining experience for tourists.You can enjoy the culinary delights< which includes recipes passed on over centuries from generation to generation. These include Geylo, a vegetable dish made from spinach; Khoyahusht, whose name comes from the Juhuri words for egg and meat, though the dish can also be made from fish and vegetables; Shomokufte, a minced meat cutlets dish that is popular in cold weather; and Yarpagi, which always consumed on special occasions and is a kind of oriental cabbage rolls served with boiled rice. Restraunt mainly works with groups, so make sure to contact them and make a request in advance.
Delicious food, nice staff, cozy atmosphere, and a highly rated restaurant in Guba
Amla is less than one km from Red Village by car and offers both indoor and outdoor seating. The food is very local with many cooked vegetable and meat options.