The Sarajevo Haggadah is an illuminated manuscript that contains the illustrated traditional text of the Passover Haggadah which accompanies the Passover Seder. It is one of the oldest Sephardic Haggadahs in the world, originating in Barcelona around 1350. The Haggadah is owned by the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo. Its monetary value is undetermined, but a museum in Spain required that it be insured for $7 million before it could be transported to an exhibition there in 1992. The Sarajevo Haggadah is handwritten on bleached calfskin and illuminated in copper and gold. It opens with 34 pages of illustrations of key scenes in the Bible from creation through the death of Moses. Its pages are stained with wine, evidence that it was used at many Passover Seders. The Sarajevo Haggadah was submitted by Bosnia and Herzegovina for inclusion in UNESCO's Memory of the World Register and was included in 2017. Image attribution: Kleinjp, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons; Smooth_O, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
The OId Jewish Cemetery in Sarajevon is located on the slopes of Trebević mountain, in the south-western part of the city. It's the largest Jewish cemetery in Southeast Europe and was in use for approximately four hundred years from the beginning of the 16th or 17th century until 1966. Though it was established by Sephardic Jews during the Ottoman period, it also became the burial ground for Ashkenazi Jews after they arrived in Sarajevo with the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the late 19th century. It contains more than 3850 tombstones and covers an area of 31,160 square meters. It has four monuments dedicated to the victims of fascism: a Sephardi one designed by Jahiel Finci and erected in 1952, two Ashkenazi ones, and one dedicated to the victims of Ustasha militants. The Jewish Cemetery was on the front line during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and was used as an artillery position by Bosnian Serbs. It was thus severely damaged by bullets and fire caused by explosions. It was also heavily mined but was completely cleared in 1996. Notable people buried in the cemetery include Rabbi Samuel Baruh (first rabbi of Sarajevo from 1630 to 1650; his grave is believed to be the oldest in the cemetery), Rabbi Isak Pardo (rabbi from 1781 to 1810), Rabbi Avraham Abinun (Grand Rabbi from 1856 to 1858), Moshe ben Rafael Attias (1845 – 1916), Laura Levi Papo LaBohoreta (writer of the early 20th century), and Isak Samokovlija. Separate vault or "grave" for damaged books known as a Genizah, is located in the southeastern part of the cemetery, with the first burial taking place on 3 July 1916. It is assumed that some 14 chests of holy books were buried in the second burial ceremony, so currently exhumation of Geniza is under way to determine its content. Image attribution: Julian Nyča, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
The Sarajevo Synagogue is Sarajevo's primary and largest synagogue located on the south bank of the Miljacka river. It's an Ashkenazi synagogue, designed by the famous architect, Karlo Parzik, and built in the year 1902. This was the first religious object to be built in Sarajevo in the Pseudo-Moorish style and today is the only functioning synagogue in Sarajevo. It is believed that Paržik’s designs for this Sarajevo synagogue (which at that time, was the third largest temple in Europe) were based on the synagogue in Budapest. While the city's other synagogue, a Sephardic synagogue, was mostly destroyed by the Nazis in 1941, the Ashkenazi synagogue escaped destruction. Prior to the Holocaust, the populations of Sephardi and Ashkenazi Jews peacefully co-existed with their Christian and Muslim neighbors in Sarajevo and elsewhere in Bosnia and Herzegovina, however, the Holocaust left fewer than 5,700 Jews in former Yugoslavia. Image attribution: Dans, CC BY-SA 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
The Museum of the Jews of Bosnia and Herzegovina is part of the City Museum of Sarajevo, telling the story of the 400-year history of the Jewish people in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It's situated in the oldest synagogue in Bosnia and Herzegovina, known as the Sephardim Il kal vjezu (the old temple) which was build in 1581. The rustic architecture of this old synagogue is admired by many locals and tourists who visit the museum! The museum was opened 1966, on the 400th year anniversary of the Jewish arrival to Sarajevo. The museum's main exhibition is located on the ground floor of the museum and is spread over two galleries which contain photographs, documents, paintings, maps, and other cultural and ritual objects.