The Great Synagogue of Copenhagen is considered to be one of the most beautiful Synagogues in Europe. It was designed by architect G.F. Hetsch in semi-oriental style and constructed from 1830-1833. The Great Synagogue of Copenhagen was designed by architect G.F.Hetsch in semi-oriental style. The building was completed in 1833, replacing all the small Synagouges around in the old city. Abraham Alexander Wolff who became chief-Rabbi in 1825 took the initiative to start the construction, which needed royal approval. Since 1833 the Great Synagogue of Copenhagen, has been the heart and mind for the Jewish Community in prosperous times in the 1800-1900 hundreds, in the the darkest times during WW2. The building was compleately renovated in 2016-2017 and is considered to be one of the most beautiful Synagogues in Europe.
The Danish Jewish Museum in Copenhagen opened in 2004, located in the Royal Library Garden netx to the Parliament. In the museum you can experience 400 years of Jewish life in Denmark. The museum was designed by world-famous architect Daniel Libeskind and has many similarities with the Jewish Museum in Berlin. The Jewish Museum is located in the beautiful Royal Library Garden next to the Danish Parliament, Christiansborg Castle. The building is an ancient boat house belonging to king Christian 4th who invited the first Jews to settle in the Danish kingdom in 1622, 400 years ago. Daniel Libeskind's characteristic architecture gives you an enthralling universe of the Danish Jewish culture, and the exhibition is put together in harmony with his architecture. The emblem of the museum interior is the Hebrew word 'Mitzvah', which can be translated as an obligation or good deed. Daniel Libeskind based his architecture on the outstanding deed of the Danish people who helped saving more than 97% of the Jewish population during WW2. This site has been visited by Queen Margrethe of Denmark and Primeminister Lars Lökke Rasmussen.
In the very heart of Copenhagen next to the Royal Palace Amalienborg you will find the brand-new Resistance Museum. In the dark, streets of the occupied Denmark, you'll meet five historical figures. Each one chose their own path and must face the consequences. In the very heart of Copenhagen, next to the Royal Palace Amalienborg, The Citadel and The Little Mermaid, you will find the Resistance Museum. Here you can experience life under the Nazi-occupation during WW2 from 1940-1945. In the dark, streets of the occupied Denmark, you'll meet five historical figures. Each one chose their own path and must face the consequences. Discover the dramatic story of the Jewish medical student, Abraham Steinbock who with his family sailed to Sweden on a fishing boat in October 1943. The authentic fishing boat is a part of the exibition. Dive deeper into acts of sabotage, produce illegal newspapers, crack codes and intercept telephone calls. All Danes had to choose between joining the resistance, collaborate with the Germans or try to keep a low profile and get through tough times during the occupation.
In 2018 a commity was created raising money to place stumbling stones commemorating victims of Nazi crimes during WW2. In 2019 the first 12 stumbling stones were placed around Copenhagen. Today more than 100 stumbling stones a placed all over the country, bringing attention to Jews, resistance people, policemen, and others who all suffered from Nazi prosecution. German artist Gunther Demnig started up this project in 1992. Today more than 94.000 Stumbling stones can be found in 29 countries in Europe.
Mosaisk Vestre Cemetery opened in 1886. The first burial in Mosaisk Vestre Cemetery was the 19. January 1886, and it is still in use. From October 1943 until May 1945, when the most Danish Jews lived as refugees in Sweden, 26 Jews died in Denmark and they were buried in this cemetery, sometimes with the assistance of vicars from the Danish Lutheran Church.
The Jewish Northern Cemetery in Nörrebro was formerly the principal Jewish cemetery in Copenhagen, Denmark. It has an area of 13,500 square metres and contains contains some 5,500 burials. Many prominent Jewish families are buried here such as the parents of Nobel prize winner Niels Bohr, the grandfather of famous comedian and pianist Viktor Borge and the Bing family who started the company known today as Royal Copenhagen Porcelain. The oldest burial in the cemetery is from 1694. The cemetary expanded to its current size in 1854. The last burial in The Jewish Northern Cemetery was in 1967. Since 1886 Jews have mainly been buried at Vestre Mosaic Cemetery which is in use today.