Azerbaijan is a modern and strong country attached to its past and advancing confidently into the future. Azerbaijan is a country cherishing its values. Respect for national and moral wealth, history, traditions, the human factor and citizens is our top priority. The modern Azerbaijan is recognized in the world through its nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev. And the Center bearing the name of Heydar Aliyev has become a symbol of modern Azerbaijan and modern Baku. The building of the Heydar Aliyev Center is an embodiment of the development of the present-day Azerbaijan and its attachment both to the past and to the future. The logo of the Heydar Aliyev Center also represents a reflection of this idea. The Center’s logo symbolizes Azerbaijan’s forward-looking aspirations, the progress and the future of the country. The silver color of the logo epitomizes the overcoming of obstacles and moving towards a goal. The silver color is a symbol of leadership, struggle, dynamism, wisdom, transparency, development and innovation. The lines of the logo harmonize with the building of the Heydar Aliyev Center and embody Azerbaijan’s dynamic development, the country’s aspirations to becoming an international leader and progress through perpetuation of values such as attachment to the Motherland and people. The Heydar Aliyev Center’s logo emphasizes the institution’s mission viewed through the prism of global and national values, nation building traditions and the message to be passed over to future generations. The Center’s slogan "To the Future with Values!" is based on this idea.
Originally built as a synagogue in 1901, the State Song Theatre is now a popular theatre for musical and other performances. The synagogue was active in 1910-1934. The building is in the Greek Revival style, with an Ionic order portico, and in the ornamented pediment there is a central lyre where the symbol for tablets of stone once featured.The Theatre building was originally built as a Synagogue in 1901.The theatre's repertoire consists of folk songs, mugams and tasnifs, as well as of works of national composers like Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Gara Garayev, Fikrat Amirov or Tofig Guliyev.
The synagogue of Jews of Europe and Georgia, located at Baku, was opened on March 9, 2003. The temple was built based on a project by architect Alexander Karberin. This building, considered to be one of the largest synagogues in Europe, was erected on the place of an old temple. After World War II, Soviet Power gave a single floor building with ancient military warehouses to Georgian and European Jews for their religious needs. Men were praying in the cold and damp basement of the building, which women were praying in the praying in the upper room and the balcony. The new building of the synagogue has three floors, and is very comfortable for praying and carrying out other religious rituals. People from different religions and classes contributed to the synagogue’s construction. The name of each person and organization that helped the project is engraved on boards at the entrance of the temple. Not only Jewish organizations living abroad, but also Caucasian Muslims Office and the Baku and Russian Orthodox Church in Azerbaijan have helped to finance the construction.
One of the USSR’s finest physicists and the first physicist from Baku to win the prestigious Nobel Prize, Lev Landau is an undoubted star in the history of Baku’s Jewish community. He was born on 22nd January 1908 in the oil settlement of Balakhani, where his father served as a senior engineer in the oil company owned by the Rothschilds – the famous Jewish dynasty who played a great role in developing Baku’s oil industry. Later the Landaus moved to an apartment in this elegant Oil-Boom era building in central Baku on the corner of Samad Vurghun and Nizami streets. The young Landau showed a great talent for science from early childhood and at the age of just 14 was admitted to Baku State University, where he studied physics and chemistry (later dropping chemistry). In 1924 he left Baku to immerse himself in studying theoretical physics at Leningrad State University, from which he graduated in 1927. During his working life he served as head of the physics department of the National Scientific Centre at the Institute of Physics and Technology in Kharkiv, and later of the theoretical department of the Institute for Physical Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Moscow. Landau was revered as a teacher and made world-famous by his many discoveries and theories in topics such as nuclear theory, solid-state physics, quantum field theory and astrophysics. For his groundbreaking work concerning condensed matter, especially liquid helium, he won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1962, the same year he sustained serious injuries in a car crash that led to his premature death 6 years later.
The only Jewish school in Azerbaijan, opened by Heydar Aliyev Foundation and Or-Avner Foundation in 2011 year. The school has 450 students, who study in Hebrew and Russian languages. Jfuture and Enerjew student clubs focus on assisting students understand Jewish values and provide them with the intellectual and spiritual tools they need to succeed in life. They also celebrate traditional Jewish holidays such as Rosh Hashanah, Pesah, Purim and others with interactive games, stories of history and traditions, festive meals, competitions and so much more.
Memorial represents Solomon Gusman and Lola Barsuk, who once lived in this house. They were were outstanding members of Baku’s Jewish community. Another important point on the Jewish map of Baku is the memorial board on Alovsat Guliyev Street to Solomon Gusman and Lola Barsuk on the house where they lived. Both were outstanding members of Baku’s Jewish community. Solomon Gusman, born on 9th May 1904, was a famous doctor who served in the Caspian Flotilla and as a military doctor during World War II. After the war he worked at the Sabunchu hospital, as well as teaching at the Medical Institute. His wife Lola Barsuk, born on 7th April 1916, was a famous linguist and researcher at the Institute of Foreign Languages and later at the Mirza Fatali Akhundov Azerbaijan State Pedagogical Institute of Languages. Prior to her career as a foreign language expert, she was an actress. Their two sons, Yuliy Gusman and Michael Gusman, are an award-winning cinema and theatre director and a journalist and TV reporter respectively of the USSR and the Russian Federation.