Great Patriotic War Museum

Attractions museums

The Belarusian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War is the first museum in the world dedicated to the bloodiest war of the 20th century, and the only one in Belarus, created during the Nazi occupation in 1944. The museum has an area dedicated to partisans, and a small part of the exhibition is dedicated to the Holocaust.

Photo credit: Adam Jones, Ph.D. / Global Photo Archive / Flickr.

The collection of the world's first museum of the Great Patriotic War was founded back in June 1942, when no one could have guessed how long this bloody tragedy would last... The first expositions - about the weapons of partisans and the military press - were quickly replenished with new rarities. Already in 1944, the museum staff investigated the places where the Trostenets concentration camp was located, in 1949 they took part in the first excavations on the territory of the Brest Fortress. Already in the 21st century, it was decided to create a new complex for the museum - with enlarged exhibition halls, modern technical capabilities helping to tell and show more about that tragic war. Outstanding figures of the country took part in the designing: the co-author of the projects of the Minsk railway station and the National Library, Professor of the International Academy of Architecture Viktor Kramarenko, one of the creators of the famous Khatyn memorial, honored architect of Belarus Leonid Levin. You can see there over 8 thousand exhibits telling about the history of the Great Patriotic War. In total, the funds store about 145 thousand rarities collected during the hostilities in Eastern Europe and Germany, as well as transferred by the embassies of different countries in peacetime.