Hungary: An exhibit honors architect Lipót Baumhorn in his 160th birthday year. And a new book highlights the stained glass windows in Baumhorn’s masterpiece, the New Synagogue in Szeged
[caption id="attachment_25815" align="alignnone" width="1024"] Looking up at the dome in the New Synagogue, Szeged[/caption]
(JHE) — Lipót Baumhorn, the most prolific synagogue architect in pre-WW2 Europe, is being honored with an open-air exhibit in Szeged, the city that is home to his masterpiece — the monumental domed New Synagogue, dedicated in 1903. At the same time, a beautifully illustrated new book — also downloadable for free — celebrates the synagogue’s spectacular stained glass windows and documents their creation by the artist Mánó Róth in collaboration with Baumhorn and Szeged’s chief rabbi, Immanuel Löw.
[caption id="attachment_25814" align="alignnone" width="670"] Lipot Baumhorn[/caption]
Both are part of initiatives marking the 160th anniversary this year of Baumhorn’s birth. Some events connected to “Baumhorn 160,” including a major exhibition in Szeged, have had to be postponed because of COVID-19 measures. But a travelling exhibition about the Szeged synagogue is planned in various cities in 2021–2022 and due to open in April in Budapest at the Páva Street Synagogue — another of Baumhorn’s synagogues, which is now part of the city’s Holocaust memorial museum complex. A documentary about the architect’s work in Timisoara, Romania, is also in the works.
The open-air exhibit Baumhorn 160 opened on October 1 on Szeged’s downtown Klauzal square and will run until October 25. Organized by the Hungarian Museum of Architecture and Monument Protection Documentation Center (MÉM MDK) in cooperation with the Csongrád County Chamber of Architects and the Szeged Jewish Community, it focuses on Baumhorn’s synagogues — but mainly on his many secular buildings in Szeged and other towns.
[caption id="attachment_25813" align="alignnone" width="1728"] Panels in the Baumhorn160 exhibition in Szeged. Photo: Rediscover[/caption]
Curated by the art historian Ágnes Ivett Oszkó, who has researched and written widely on Baumhorn, it consists of 10 panel displays with photographs and text showcasing Baumhorn’s work in four cities — Szeged and Budapest in Hungary; Timisoara, Romania; and Novi Sad, Serba. Besides synagogues in each city, the exhibit highlights buildings such as banks, homes, office buildings, schools, and apartment buildings.
The new book, Windows of Celebrations in the New Synagogue of Szeged, was edited by Krisztina Frauhammer and Anna Szentgyörgyi and published by the Szeged Municipality and Rediscover, a Jewish heritage and tourism project of the EU’s Interreg Danube Transnational Program.
[caption id="attachment_25817" align="alignnone" width="1024"] Cover of the book about the stained glass windows in the Szeged New Synagogue[/caption]
It describes the history of making the synagogue’s stained glass windows and also discusses the extraordinarily rich symbolism portrayed — symbolism that the artist, Manó Róth, rendered in close consultation with Baumhorn and, especially, with Rabbi Löw, who “coined the visual program of the windows depicting the festive cycles of the Jewish year in the synagogue” and addressed even the smallest design details such as colors and patterns.
One of the book’s aims, in fact, is to recognize Manó Róth as creator of the stained glass.
[caption id="attachment_25816" align="alignnone" width="1024"] Stained glass windows with symbolic design in the Szeged synagogue[/caption]
Manó was the younger brother of a more famous stained glass artist, Miksa Róth, who had commonly been thought to have designed the Szeged windows. The brothers were sons of an expert glassmaker in Budapest. The book provides evidence that Manó in fact was the artist, including a letter from Rabbi Löw which read: “Manó Róth, young glass painter from Budapest, exceedingly overcame the new and difficult challenges with artistic ambition and great success.”
The book also includes a brief history of the construction of the synagogue, with a summary of the seven-page report in a contemporary Jewish newspaper of the inaugural ceremony, on May 19, 1903.
Both the printed book and the downloadable PDF include exquisite photographs of the windows by János Rómer. In the hard copy book, the photos are printed on transparent sheets, to simulate stained glass.
Open House Tel Aviv is one of many Open House events that takes place in cities around the world.
One weekend a year, Tel Aviv opens up private spaces – designer lofts, urban villas, unique synagogues, architecturally significant public buildings, curious construction sites, plazas and gardens.
During the event weekend, the public can visit, explore and discuss these sites.
Many people have contributed in order to allow us all discover Tel Aviv from within during this weekend, including architects, developers, property owners, institutional administrators and many others who live and breathe the city ,including some who devote their time to trying to improve it.
The inspiration for the event came from OpenHouse LONDON and OpenHouse NY, and there are several Open House events around the globe.
En Prat is a spring of water, which rises in a spectacularly beautiful desert canyon. The spring flows into a natural rock pool, and its output (around 1500 m³ a day) creates a brook that flows all year round. In ancient times, the spring was an important source of water for Jericho. In Hasmonean times, an aqueduct, which was built in the Early Moslem period, carried water from the spring. Remain of the aqueducts from the Byzantine period as well as ruins of a flour mill, have been found east of the spring. In 1927, the British began to pump water from the spring to supply the residents of East Jerusalem with water. By 1970, all of Jerusalem connected to the national water system, and pumping stopped. The remains of the Mandate-era pumping station and pipes can still be seen within the nature reserve. In the past, the pool was used for irrigation, and today it is a bathing pool for the enjoyment of visitors to the site. - Israel Nature and Parks Authority Photo attribution: Bukvoed, CC BY 4.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
The City of David (Hebrew: עיר דוד, Ir David; Arabic: مدينة داوود) is not only the oldest settled neighborhood of Jerusalem but also a major archaeological site relating to biblical Jerusalem. It is a narrow ridge running south from the Temple Mount. It was a walled city in the Bronze Age and according to tradition, it is where King David built his palace and established his capital.
Castel National Park (גן לאומי קסטל) is an Israeli national park consisting of a fortified summit. It is located in the Judean Mountains in the former Arab village of Al-Qastal. It is located 8 km west of Jerusalem, connecting to a road leading to Tel Aviv (Highway 1). The site is mostly known as the place of the key battles of Operation Nachshon, which were held in April 1948 during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Fierce battles that claimed many lives took place there as Arabs and Jews fought for control of the site, which overlooked the main Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway. The Castel exchanged hands several times in the course of the fighting. The tides turned when the revered Arab commander, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, was killed. Many Arabs left their positions to attend al-Husayni's funeral at the Al-Aqsa Mosque on Friday, April 9th. That same day, the Castel fell to the Israeli forces, virtually unopposed. The national park includes a memorial for the Israeli soldiers who died there. In 1980, Yitzhak Yamin designed a monument to honor these fallen soldiers. Additionally, there is a memorial representing the convoys who attempted to break through the blockade of Jerusalem.
The Cardo was a north–south–oriented street in Roman cities, military camps, and colonies. It was an integral component of city planning, lined with shops and vendors, and served as a hub of economic life. The main cardo was called 'Cardo Maximus'. Most Roman cities additionally contained a Decumanus Maximus, an east-west street that served as a secondary main street. Generally, the Cardo Maximus served as the primary road. However, due to varying geography, Decumanus was sometimes considered the main street, while the Cardo was considered secondary. The Forum was normally located at the intersection of the Decumanus and the Cardo. The Cardo was the "hinge" or axis of the city, derived from the same root as cardinal. The main street of Crusader Jerusalem went from Nabelus gate (St. Stephan) to Zion gate, to the Holy Seplecure area. Here, they divided the Cardo into three different markets: the covered market, the spice market, and the bad cooking market. This occurred under the reign of Queen Melisinda, who was the current Queen of Jerusalem.
The Bible Lands Museum is an archaeological museum in Jerusalem, Israel, that explores people mentioned in the Bible and their cultures. These include but are not limited to ancient Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, Arameans, Hittites, Elamites, Phoenicians, and Persians. The museum aims to put various people covered into a historical context. The museum is located on Museum Row in Givat Ram, between the Israel Museum, The National Campus for the Archaeology of Israel, and the Bloomfield Science Museum.
The Herzl Museum is located in Jerusalem and focuses on the visions and ideologies of Theodor Herzl. Shortly after Herzl's death, the Anglo–Palestine Bank acquired about 2,000 dunams (2.0 km2) in south-central Palestine, where the Hulda Forest is located today. This forest was intended to house a farm and a large building that would contain the farm's management and double as a museum dedicated to Herzl. However, the museum was unfortunately never executed, and only in the 1960s was a museum built on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem. This included exhibits on Herzl's life, including a reproduction of his study in Vienna. In 2000, it closed due to poor maintenance, but reopened in 2005, sitting at the main entrance plaza to Mount Herzl, following the centenary of Herzl's death.
The Jerusalem Jazz Festival features a rich range of original productions, premieres, one-off musical collaborations, surprising mini shows, improvisations, and conversations with musicians, giving a new perspective to the artworks displayed throughout the museum. The artistic program reflects the variety of styles that comprise the contemporary jazz world, from world music, through hip hop, rock, groove, to supersonic jazz, and free jazz, classical chamber music, big band arrangements and more. The original productions were inspired by the artworks in the museum while other productions adapted the show in response to this creative space. This has led to a three-way dialogue between music, art, and cultural consumers.
This year, the festival focuses on original Israeli music from a wide range of styles. The extraordinary encounter between music and art, the festival’s inspiring hallmark from day one, continues to be a central pillar of the artistic program, with several different shows taking place throughout the museum’s magical sculpture garden every evening.
The 7th Jerusalem Jazz Festival, created by the Israel Festival in partnership with Israel Museum, and under the artistic direction of international trumpeter Avishai Cohen, will take place alongside the Israel Festival on 22-24.6.21, in the magical Sculpture Garden of the Israel Museum.
Sababa Fest is a meeting ground for Jews of all stripes and types, coming together to share an uplifting, rejuvenating, Shabbat experience with food, great music, nature, sports, and creative workshops nestled on the magical woodlands of Woodstock Festival in Bethel, NY.
From June 11-13 we will gather to celebrate Shabbos, eat great kosher food, hear awesome live music (before & after Shabbat), have yoga classes in the mornings, interactive workshops in the afternoon, late night chills by the bonfire, and sing and dance as we welcome the Shabbos queen. As Shabbat goes out, we will gather for an amazing Havdala ceremony, followed by live music from our headlining musical act Yemen Blues!
The Sababa Fest community has grown tremendously and we now host multiple events throughout the year for everyone to stay connected with each other. We also host a winter ski retreat, Rosh Hashana program, as well as Shabbos Nachamu & Rosh Chodesh Elul Camping Trips! Make sure to follow us on Instagram & Facebook to stay up to date on the shenanigans!
The J’s St. Louis Jewish Film Festival showcases national and international cinema that explores universal issues through traditional Jewish values, opposing viewpoints and new perspectives. The Jewish Film Festival now offers year-round opportunities to experience Jewish films from around the world. In 2021, all films will be presented virtually!
The Festival’s complete lineup of features and documentaries will be available to view on-demand anytime from June 6-13. All films and programs will be purchased and shown via our viewing platform. Once you purchase a ticket or pass, you will be emailed information on how to unlock films for viewing during the week of the festival. Once a ticketholder begins watching a program, access to it remains available for 48 hours and must be completed by the end of the festival.
Conversations and interviews with filmmakers, documentary subjects and local speakers will accompany many of the programs and be available throughout the Festival.
Festival tech support is available! Don’t be nervous about watching films at home. We’re here to help. Call our hotline 314.442.3179. There will also be live technical support during the Festival week.
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World Jewish Travel (WJT) is a unique non-profit organization that provides an innovative and comprehensive digital platform to promote Jewish cultural travel.
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