A synagogue in Abkhazia was built in the first decade of the 20th century. As of 2009, there were about 150 Jews in Abkhazia, nearly all of them Ashkenazi. The majority of them were elderly, with the average age being 72. The community maintains a synagogue in Sukhumi. The material which was used for the construction of the synagogue, both the interior and the exterior are decorated with paintings.
AMRA PARK-HOTEL & SPA - is located on the Black Sea coast in the foothills of the Caucasian ridge. The modern hotel and restaurant complex is located 22 km from the border of the Republic of Abkhazia with the Russian Federation, in the old and famous part of the city of Gagra. One of the most beautiful cities in Abkhazia, the fabulous Gagra, beckons and attracts travelers. And it is suitable both for families with children and for active youth recreation. The Gagra resort is considered the most popular tourist city in Abkhazia, where it is best to contemplate the sunsets ... The history of Gagra has more than two thousand years: the city was founded by the ancient Greeks. Since then, he has been under the rule of the Genoese, Turks, Russians. The Russian prince A. Oldenburgsky purposefully began to turn Gagra into a high-level resort, and this happened at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. The history of the hotel and restaurant complex AMRA PARK HOTEL & SPA has a great history. The former sanatorium of the Central Committee of the CPSU named after the 17th Party Congress, is located on the seashore, in its own arboretum with rare and exotic plant species such as cypresses, oleanders, palms. The respectable classical architecture of the hotel and restaurant complex AMRA PARK HOTEL & SPA resembles the departmental health resorts of Sochi and Crimea. The main attractions of Old Gagra are located in the immediate vicinity of the sanatorium: the II century temple on the territory of the Gagra fortress, the old park founded by the Prince of Oldenburg, the famous Gagra colonnade, as well as the popular Gagripsh restaurant. In Soviet times, employees of the CPSU Central Committee, celebrities, cosmonauts, actors, football players, were indulged in rest and treatment here. In 2018, the famous sanatorium of the Central Committee of the CPSU named after the 17th Party Congress "Amra" appeared before the guests in a new image of a modern multifunctional hotel and restaurant SPA complex with treatment. A closed, protected area in a picturesque arboretum, which includes a large number of exotic plants, will not leave indifferent any guest. The architecture of the complex, its interior and a picturesque park area are designed in a respectable classical style, and the cozy atmosphere is conducive to a calm, relaxing rest. The complex combines two residential buildings. The main building is represented by 98 comfortable rooms. The second building has 57 comfortable rooms.
The hotel is located in the center of Sukhum, the capital of Abkhazia, just a few minutes walk from the sea and is a seven-story building with an elevator. The highlight of the hotel is its designer interior, decorated in a colorful oriental style, where each floor corresponds to its own country - Egypt, Turkey, China, and India. The architecture of the building itself, in which elements of the East can be traced, is remarkable for its special charm. The boutique hotel is perfect for youth holidays and business trips, as well as for active family holidays, as well as for those people who value style and a high level of service and comfort.
SPA-hotel Karakas is a wonderful place in Sukhum for family rest, where the most comfortable conditions for recovery and full immersion in the special originality of Abkhazia have been created. Karakas is a club-type SPA hotel with a completely closed guarded territory with a courtyard, parking and recreation area. Located in one of the districts of Old Sukhum, 300 meters from the sea. To accommodate guests are offered 24 comfortable rooms, 4 of them are junior suites, made in different design styles, and one suite is a luxury suite. All rooms meet European standards, are comfortable and clean. Each room has everything you need for your relaxation in a comfortable environment, including air conditioning, satellite TV, free Wi-Fi.
Krakow: The Story of Jewish Poland Krakow is one of the oldest and largest cities in Poland. Since the 7th century it has been the home of some of the greatest academic, artistic, and political minds in Europe. From the time of its establishment, the Jewish community of Krakow has contributed to this status of high culture and innovation. There weren't always good times to be had for the Jews of Krakow. The community has seen its fair share of discrimination and hardship. Today, however, Jewish culture has seen an uproar of appreciation and commemoration. Prosperity Despite Hardship: The Resilience of Jewish Krakow The first wave of Jewish immigration came during the early 13th century with Jews traveling along trade routes from Germany to Prague. In 1335, the community established its roots rather quickly in an area of Kazimierz, located just outside of the city walls. This would become the city’s official Jewish quarter, a bustling hub for culture and trade. Jews could own homes and even trade property. However the good times did not last long. When Jewish life and culture drifted outside the boundaries of the quarter there was an escalation of violence. Blood libels and attacks on Jews in the street became a common occurrence. Finally, in order to protect Jewish subjects from attacks, the King deemed that all Jews must reside in the quarter. They were not be allowed to own property outside of its limits and were only able to sell property to non-Jews. Still the community persevered and built several synagogues as well as a mikveh, yeshiva, marketplace and cemetery. The Holocaust and the Jews of Poland By 1931, the Jewish community had grown from 2,000 individuals to well over 50,000. After years of legal and religious battles with the city, Krakow had become the epicenter of Jewish life and prosperity in Eastern Europe. They were bankers, merchants, doctors, lawyers, restaurateurs, and were considered to be the best craftsmen in the city. The community managed to grow by an additional 10,000 people when World War II made its way to Poland. In 1939, Germany occupied Krakow and in 1940 began to expel and deport Jews from the city to the countryside. Not long after that the first ghetto was established in Podgorze. Life in the Podgorze Ghetto consisted of sickness, starvation, and back-breaking labor. [caption id="attachment_38820" align="alignnone" width="1599"] Podgorze Ghetto wall in Krakow; Fred Romero from Paris, France, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons[/caption] In 1943 the ghetto was liquidated and some 2,000 Jews lost their lives in the process. The remaining population was deported to Plaszow, a forced labor camp, or were sent to Auschwitz for immediate extermination. After the war ended in 1945, Jews attempted to return home to Krakow. However, they were met with extreme antisemitism and pogroms. Most elected to leave Poland and by 1990, only a few hundred Jews remained in the city. Kazimierz: The Jewish Quarter of Krakow Today the Jewish quarter of Kazimierz remains a physical symbol of Jewish culture and resilience. Some of the original pre-war synagogues still stand in addition to other museums and monuments dedicated to the memory of Jewish Krakow. Kazimierz is also one of the best destinations for food and nightlife with a wide range of bars and restaurants to suit any occasion. The town itself represents such a strong cultural history that it has since been named a UNESCO world heritage site. [caption id="attachment_38821" align="alignnone" width="1200"] Kazimierz[/caption] Commemorated Jewish Life and History in Poland Situated inside the town of Kazimierz is the New Jewish Cemetery. The land for the necropolis was purchased in 1800 from the Augustinians. More land was eventually added to the cemetery acquired from the Christian monks in 1836. When the Nazis invaded Poland, they desecrated the cemetery by removing and selling the headstones to local masons. One portion of the cemetery was entirely removed so that the land could be used to build the Plaszow work camp. This was later converted into a concentration camp. Today, the cemetery is considered a heritage site. There are estimated to be nearly 10,000 graves in the cemetery. Holocaust preservation is a crucial piece of Krakow historic sites. The Oskar Schindler’s Factory Museum tells the story of one man who risked his life to save thousands of Jews. The factory became a safe haven for Jews. Schindler even paid off Nazi guards to keep his workers at the factory, saving them from certain death. He is the only member of the Nazi party to be granted the title of “righteous among the nations.” [caption id="attachment_38817" align="alignnone" width="1600"] Schindler's Factory in Krakow; Zorro2212, CC BY-SA 3.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0>, via Wikimedia Commons[/caption] Intellectuals and the Artists: A Jewish Legacy of Krakow The devastation of the Holocaust cost the Jewish community of Poland some of their most famous artists, poets, and intellectuals. One of these individuals who perished in the Holocaust was considered to be one of the greatest Jewish poets in Krakow’s history. Mordechaj Gebirtig composed his songs, plays, and poems in Yiddish. Some of his most memorable tunes are still sung by Yiddish speakers today. Classics such as Es brent, Reyzele, Moyshele Mayn Fraynd, and Kinder Yorn. [caption id="attachment_38818" align="alignnone" width="904"] Poet Mordechaj Gebirtig[/caption] However, the memory of Jewish life doesn’t always surround the Holocaust. There were plenty of influential Jewish figures in Krakow’s history that led a life of peaceful intellectual development. One such man was Rabbi Moses Ben Isserles. The rabbi lived and taught Torah in Krakow, but his name became immortalized for his commentaries on the Shulkhan Aruch. This would become one of Judaism’s most prominent legal and kabbalistic texts. The Resurgence of Jewish Culture in Krakow Although the Jewish community of Poland has seen devastation, today the culture and history is finding new avenues of representation. There is an abundance of festivals and restaurants that celebrates one of the city's most historic communities. Be sure to check out the Krakow Jewish Culture Festival for all the latest and greatest additions to the rich world of Jewish culture in Poland. [caption id="attachment_38819" align="alignnone" width="2048"] Krakow Jewish Culture Festival[/caption]
The Toronto Jewish Film Festival (TJFF) made its debut in 1993 under Artistic Director, Helen Zukerman. The TJFF proved to be a creative and exciting way to introduce people in the city and surrounding areas to Jewish culture, and explain how it fits within the city of Toronto. The foundation set out to be a showcase of the diversity in Jewish life and cultural experiences around the world. The TJFF’s has expanded its use of venues in an attempt to be as inclusive and inviting as possible, and to appeal to a broader demographic. An additional goal of the foundation is to expose the non-Jewish community to the multiculturalism and diversity of Jewish life globally. The TJFF plans strategies to overcome the barriers to attendance amongst the non-Jewish population and the younger secular Jewish population, allowing them to feel connected and comfortable in the unique festival and year-round screening environments.
This annual wine festival has been taking place for 16 years at The Israel Museum of Jerusalem. One can taste hundreds of wines as well as cheese, chocolates, jams, olive oils, and sauces, and local musicians perform during the day. This wine festival is the most prominent wine festivity in the country, visited by 20,000 guests from around Israel an beyond. Twelve of the best wineries distribute their products and the garden scenery makes a perfect location of the festival. This festival often attracts a high class audience and the entry price is around 98 ILS which gets you entrance and a glass of wine.
The San Francisco Jewish Film Festival is the first and largest Jewish film festival in the world. Presenting innovative film each summer in the Bay Area. The 42nd San Francisco Jewish Film Festival, presented by the Jewish Film Institute, returns July 21 – August 7, 2022. Over 11 action-packed days in San Francisco and the East Bay and 7 days of online screenings, SFJFF42 celebrates the full diversity of Jewish life, culture, and experience with a dynamic slate of independent films, special events, conversations, and guests.
Since launching the first Jewish film festival website in 2000 for the San Francisco Jewish Film Festival, the Jewish Film Institute has broadened its commitment to providing access to relevant, engaging and high-quality Jewish film and media online for audiences around the world. JFI's roster of online programs offers something for everyone, from the casual film watcher to the fellow festival programmer or historian.
KlezKanada was founded in 1996 to teach, nurture and present to a broad public the best of Jewish traditional arts and Yiddish culture. Its goal is to foster Jewish cultural and artistic creativity worldwide as both an ethnic heritage and a constantly evolving contemporary culture and identity. From its start as a small summer festival, KlezKanada has become one of the leading Jewish cultural organizations in the world.
The American Sephardi Federation (ASF) proudly preserves and promotes the history, traditions, and rich mosaic culture of Greater Sephardic communities as an integral part of the Jewish experience. The American Sephardi Federation (ASF) was founded from and by several 20th Century Sephardic organizations, including the World Sephardi Federation (WSF) in North America.
Welcome to MJL’s Hub. The Hub is a space that includes daily information about live content from all 70 Faces Media publications, including My Jewish Learning, the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Kveller, Alma, and The Nosher, in addition to a wide spectrum of other great online Jewish events. Our hope is that the Hub will connect people with some of the incredible learning opportunities now accessible across the globe. All times are ET (Eastern Time).