The Grand Synagogue of Paris, generally known as Synagogue de la Victoire or Grande Synagogue de la Victoire, is situated at 44, Rue de la Victoire, in the 9th arrondissement. It also serves as the official seat of the chief rabbi of Paris.
The architect was Alfred-Philibert Aldrophe (1834–1895) who also built the Versailles Synagogue and that of Enghien-les-Bains. Building commenced in 1867 and the Synagogue was inaugurated in 1874, and opened to the general public in 1875, built in the classical style, but embellished with Byzantine frills. The inscription in Hebrew at the entrance is a verse from Genesis 28,17 : “This is none other than the House of God, the very gateway to Heaven”, the same as is found on the entrance to the synagogue of Reims and that of Bar-le-Duc.
The interior has a number of religious inscriptions above the doors. In the choir pulpit is written in French the names of the prophets. Above the Torah Ark is engraved with the words “ה ‘ניסי” (“The Lord-is-my-banner” Ex 17:15) It also includes a series of 12 stained glass windows symbolising the Tribes of Israel.
Every year, the Sunday before Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year), there takes place a ceremony in remembrance of the Martyrs of the Deportation, which is televised on France 2.
Luiza Fediuc, CC BY-SA 3.0
Olevy, CC BY-SA 3.0