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JEWISH Subotica

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Subotica Synagogue

The Jakab and Komor Square Synagogue in Subotica is a Hungarian Art Nouveau synagogue in Subotica, Serbia. It is the second largest synagogue in Europe. It was built in 1901-1902 during the administration of the Kingdom of Hungary (part of Austria-Hungary), according to the plans of Marcell Komor and Dezső Jakab replacing a smaller and less elaborate synagogue. It is one of the finest surviving pieces of religious architecture in the art nouveau style. It served the local Neolog community. In 1974 the synagogue was designated a Monument of Culture; in 1990 it was designated a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. The synagogue has long been plagued by conservation issues, though a decade-long partnership between the government and World Monuments Fund that ended in 2010 rendered the building watertight after years of water infiltration. Work on the restoration of the facades is the next phase of work on the synagogue. The synagogue of Subotica is the only surviving Hungarian art nouveau Jewish place of worship in the world. Erected by a prosperous Jewish community of some 3000 souls between 1901 and 1903, it highlights the double, Hungarian-Jewish identity of its builders, who lived in a multi-ethnic, but predominantly Catholic city, which was the third largest of the Hungarian Kingdom and the tenth largest of the Habsburg Empire. The community hired a not-yet established tandem of Hungarian art nouveau architects from Budapest, Dezső Jakab and Marcell Komor, who would later make a great imprint on the architecture of Subotica and Palić, the resort town near the city. The architects were ardent followers of Ödön Lechner, the father of Hungarian art nouveau style architecture, and later partisans of this movement, which unified Hungarian folklore elements with some Jewish structural principles and sometimes even Jewish motifs. Besides lending the synagogue a distinct double identity in architectural terms, Jakab and Komor created a new space-conception of synagogue architecture in Hungary and deployed modern steel structure as well as an advanced technique of vaulting. Unlike period synagogues in Hungary that featured a predominantly basilica-like arrangement with a nave and two aisles, with or without a dome, this synagogue achieves a unified, tent-like central space under the sun, painted in gold on the apex of the dome. The women’s gallery and the dome are supported by four pairs of steel pillars covered with gypsum with a palm leaf relief. The large dome is a self-supporting, 3-5 centimeters thin shell-structure, formed in the spirit of Hungarian folklore. While many other synagogues have utilized light structures, they usually mimicked traditional arches and vaults. The novelty of this synagogue is the sincere display of modern structure and modernity in general, of which Jews have been important advocates and generators. The synagogue was fully renovated in multi-million renovation project financed mainly by Hungarian and Serbian government and opened in march 2018.

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#JEWISHSUBOTICA

The “Slat al-Azama” (deportees synagogue) in the Mellah of Marrakech was originally built by Jews who were deported from Spain in 1492. It’s one of more than 30 synagogues in Marrakech, but sadly it’s the only one still in use by the dwindling Jewish community. Today it holds a small exhibit on local Jewish history, which is popular with both Jewish and non-Jewish tourists. Posted by: @shabbatshalomfrom .
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#jewishmorocco #jewishtravel #jewsofmorocco #synagogue #shul #jewish #jews #morocco #marrakech #medina #mellah #moroccanjews #moroccan #sefardi #sephardi #inquisition #spanishinquisition #slatalazama #alazama #lazama #prayer #judaism #architecture #travel #jewishheritage #worldjewishtravel #wjtmarrakech
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#JewishMuseum ✡️ this gorgeous old synagogue in Girona has been transformed into an incredible Jewish History Museum! Be sure to check out the Jewish History Museum of Girona on your next voyage to Spain!
Photo by @harriet.foxwell
Tag us in your photos of Girona for a chance to be featured using the hashtag #JewishGirona @world.jewish.travel 🇪🇸
#JewishTravel #Jewish #jewishquarter #catalonia #instagirona #igersgirona #spain_beautiful_landscapes #spain #Girona #synagoguesoftheworld
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In the Far East of Spain lies #Girona 🇪🇸 Though not obvious at first glance, Girona has a rich #Jewish history. During the 12th century, the city saw a flourish of the Jewish community with one of the most important Kabbalistic schools in Europe. The Rabbi of Girona, Moshe ben Nahman Gerondi (better known as Nahmanides or Ramban), was appointed Great Rabbi of Catalonia. Though the Jews were expelled in 1492 by the Catholic kings, Girona's Jewish quarter is well-preserved and a major tourist attraction today ✡️ For more information check out WJHedia, our own Wikipedia platform covering all things related to Jewish heritage! Link in the bio
#JewishGirona #JewishSpain #JewishTravel #IgersGirona #Catalonia #Rambam #WJT #JewishQuarter #JewishLife #JewishHistory #juderia
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**A Journey Through the Venetian Ghetto** eBook is out now!
Discover Jewish hidden gems behind the walls of the Venice Ghetto - you’ll be surprised how many stories fit into such a little place!
Get your FREE copy today! {link in bio}
#VeniceGhetto500 #Venice #Italy #Jewish #eBook #hiddengems
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